Introduction to Mental Disorders

Module 2

Module 2 image

Module 2: Introduction to Mental Disorders

This section provides you with information on mental illness in Canada. It contains questionnaires and assessment tools that are relevant for working with immigrant and refugee populations.


Patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9)

This questionnaire, a commonly used screening tool for depression in primary care, is particularly useful for working with immigrants and refugees. It is also available in multiple languages.

Assessments for trauma and mental health in refugees

This outlines different tools, including scales, questionnaires, inventories and checklists, which are applicable to refugee populations.


This is a standardized self-report rating scale for PTSD comprising 17 items that correspond to the key symptoms of PTSD. It can be modified to fit specific time frames or events.

Harvard Trauma Questionnaire

This is a checklist that inquiries about a variety of trauma events, as well as the emotional symptoms considered to be uniquely associated with trauma. Questions 1 through 16 of the PTSD portion are particularly relevant.