A review of the international literature on refugee mental health practices

Read this short article that reviews supports to enhance resiliency and recovery available for refugees in Canada at the individual, social and policy level.

Defining resiliency: constructing equity

Read this paper, published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and the Wellesley Institute, that seeks to understand the factors that help refugees remain healthy during the resettlement process, with a specific focus on resiliency.

Evidence-based clinical guidelines for immigrants and refugees

Read this article that presents 25 internationally unique evidence-based clinical guidelines designed to guide primary care practitioners when supporting newly arrived immigrants and refugees, including mental health needs.

From interpersonal links to webs or relations: creating befriending relationships with survivors of torture and war

Read this report that is based on an exploratory participatory study conducted between the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture (CCVT) and two academic social work facilities. The report identifies the successful components of the Volunteer Befriending Program.

Improving mental health services for immigrant, refugee, ethno-cultural and racialized groups: issues and options for service improvement

Read this report, produced by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and the Mental Health Commission of Canada, that outlines the issues and options for improving services and outcomes for immigrant, refugee, ethno-cultural and racialized groups (IRER).

Intimate partner violence: Evidence review for newly arriving immigrants and refugees

Read this report, for the Canadian Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health based on a systematic review discusses various factors that can assist in alleviating migration and family stress experienced by recently-settled immigrant and refugee women.

Mental health interventions for refugee children in resettlement

Read this report, developed by The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, that examines a comprehensive mental health service model for supporting child and adolescent refugee mental health.

Refugee Mental Health Practices Internationally: A Review of the Literature and Implications for a Canadian Study

Read this article that outlines the need for a focus on refugee mental health. As Canada's refugee population continues to grow, more emphasis needs to be placed on different forms of social integration with a concentration on mental health.

Resilience and recovery after war: refugee children and families in the United States

Read this report, developed by the American Psychological Association, that discusses the roles of individual, culture, family and community factors in the healing and resilience process.

Sexual violence against refugees: Guidelines on prevention and response

Read this report, developed by the UNHCR, that addresses ways to combat the occurrence of sexual violence, and how to respond when such incidents occur. These guidelines are meant to act as a basis for working with refugees that have experienced sexual violence. 

Supporting the mental health of refugees to Canada

Read this paper published by the Mental Health Commission of Canada that incorporates a recovery approach to discuss how Canada can promote wellness while decreasing the impacts of potential mental health problems for refugees.

The continuing ordeal: long-term needs of survivors of torture

View this online publication, produced by the Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture, that outlines main considerations when supporting victims of torture after their settlement.

Treatment plan: Harvard program in refugee trauma

View this comprehensive treatment plan developed by the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma that speaks to each element that is deemed necessary in producing good clinical outcomes for refugees who are survivors of torture and other forms of extreme violence.

Transcending violence: emerging models for trauma healing in refugee communities

Read this paper that provides an overview of the potential difficulties involved with providing mental health care services to trauma victims and refugees. The goal of the paper is to aid in the development of resources and services for refugees that take into account their unique status and situations.

Trauma-informed practice guide

Read this guide, developed on behalf of the BC Provincial Mental Health and Substance Use Planning Council, that seeks to translate trauma-informed principles into practice. There are components related specifically to refugee populations. 

Connected Refugees: How the Internet and Mobile Connectivity Can Improve Refugee Well-being and Transform Humanitarian Action 

Read this report from the UNHCR, that is based on research from 44 countries and shows that "for many refugees a connected device is a lifeline and a critical tool for self-empowerment".

Toolkit quick links

Toolkit Quick Links





Determinants of refugee mental health

Health promotion and prevention 

Screening and assessment


Policies and procedures